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Advantages and Disadvantages of Invoice Discounting for Startups

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​​As a startup with a history of sales, effectively managing cash flow is crucial for your business’s growth and sustainability. While there are various financing options available, invoice discounting stands out as a viable solution tailored to the specific needs of startups. In this article, we will explore the advantages and disadvantages of invoice discounting, focusing on how it can benefit your startup and what considerations you should keep in mind. This will allow you to make decisions in the best interests of your startup.

What is Invoice Discounting?

Invoice discounting is a financial arrangement that enables startups to borrow money against their outstanding invoices, which serve as collateral. Unlike factoring, where the responsibility of collecting payments is transferred to the factor, invoice discounting allows startups to retain control over the collection process. This means that the startup remains responsible for collecting payments from customers, preserving customer relationships and maintaining control over the collection process.

Advantages of Invoice Discounting for Startups

Preserve Customer Relationships 

One significant advantage of invoice discounting is that the startup retains the obligation to collect payments from customers. By maintaining control over the collections process, startups can nurture and strengthen their customer relationships. This allows for a more seamless and consistent customer experience, which is crucial for long-term business growth.


It follows that because the obligation to collect on the invoice remains with the startup, you have more control over confidentiality. Unlike factoring, where the customers are notified about the involvement of a factor, invoice discounting allows startups to preserve the confidentiality of the invoice discounting arrangement. This can be particularly beneficial for startups that prefer to maintain discretion about their financial arrangements.

Comparative Cost Advantages

Compared to other short-term financing options like factoring, invoice discounting can be a cost-effective solution for startups. Since the startup remains responsible for collections, the factor’s involvement in credit control and collections management is minimal. This results in lower administrative costs and fees, making invoice discounting a more affordable financing option for startups.

Improved Cash Flow Management 

Invoice discounting provides an immediate injection of cash, subject to the factor’s approval. Instead of waiting for customers to pay their invoices, startups can access a significant portion of the invoice value upfront. This empowers startups to: 

  • cover their operational expenses;
  • manage working capital; and 
  • better manage their long-term financial planning.


Invoice discounting may offer startups the flexibility to choose which invoices to include in the financing arrangement. This means that startups can select specific invoices that require immediate cash flow, aligning the financing with their business needs. The ability to customise the financing arrangement based on the unique cash flow requirements of the startup enhances its financial flexibility and agility.

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Disadvantages of Invoice Discounting

Credit Management and Cash Generation

Invoice discounting is most suitable for startups with strong credit management and collections systems in place. Factors typically require startups to demonstrate a reliable track record of collections and sufficient cash flow generation. If a startup lacks a solid customer base or struggles with consistent cash flow, it may face challenges in qualifying for invoice discounting.

Limited Availability 

Similarly, invoice discounting may not be readily available to all startups. Factors often have criteria for the minimum level of sales or annual turnover required to qualify for invoice discounting. Consequently, startups with lower sales volumes or early-stage startups without an established customer base may struggle to access invoice discounting arrangements.

Liability for Bad and Doubtful Debts

While invoice discounting provides immediate cash flow, startups still bear the risk of bad debt if customers fail to pay their invoices. Startups must carefully assess the creditworthiness of their customers and implement effective credit control measures to mitigate the risk of non-payment. Without proper credit management systems in place, startups may find themselves exposed to the potential loss of revenue due to unpaid invoices.

Key Takeaways

Invoice discounting offers several advantages for mature startups by providing a flexible and cost-effective cash flow management solution. By retaining control over the collections process, startups can preserve customer relationships while improving their cash flow management. The cost-effectiveness and confidentiality of invoice discounting make it an attractive financing option for startups seeking to optimise their financial operations. However, startups should ensure they have robust credit management and collections systems in place to qualify for invoice discounting and mitigate the risk of bad debt.

If you need help with your startup, our experienced startup lawyers can assist as part of our LegalVision membership. For a low monthly fee, you will have unlimited access to lawyers to answer your questions and draft and review your documents. Call us today on 0808 196 8584 or visit our membership page.

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Jake Rickman

Jake Rickman

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